The Top 10 Engineering Courses for the Future

Engineering is undoubtedly one of the most coveted and popular branches of higher education. With a great demand internationally, and a plethora of specialization, its popularity is soaring like no other. The career prospects are immense as well. And, with new branches emerging thanks to technology, options too are increasing. Yet, there are courses that do enjoy more popularity than others. Here, we take you through the best engineering courses for the future if you’ve decided to go down the ‘engineering path’ after passing your Class 12 with PCM.

Computer Science and Engineering

 Computer Science and EngineeringThese two specializations are the most sought-after among engineering students. Also, with technological advancements, its demand is on the rise. This makes it rather competitive as well. Besides hardware and software, there are nanotechnology, robotics, operating systems, computer architecture, and many other options that one can choose from.

There is immense scope as this stream is related to allied branches such as Mechatronics Engineering, Robotics and Automation Engineering and Electronic and Instrumentation Engineering. Plus, you can choose from a range of combinations such as Data Science, Cybersecurity, Computer Systems, and others. Therefore, career options are many depending on your interest. You can become an IT consultant, system engineer, system designer, database administrator, web developer, programmer, e-commerce specialist, IT specialist, and much more.

Mechanical Engineering

 Mechanical EngineeringDesigning heavy vehicles is the base of this stream of engineering. Hence, it’s quite popular as well. Mechanical engineers learn how to operate big machines and tools. This specialization covers design and development of airplanes, automobiles, sports equipment, medical gadgets, new batteries, car engines, electric power plants, and much more.

Here too, you have a plethora of options as a mechanical engineer works in sync with experts from different fields like Manufacturing Engineering, Robotics and Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Automation Engineering, and many others. As a mechanical engineer you are involved in the entire process. This begins with ideation, creation, and production. It also involves testing and installation of mechanical systems that are utilized in a variety of devices and systems. Thus, you can take up a career in Nuclear Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Automotive Engineering, and even work as an Engineering Consultant.

Electrical Engineering

Electrical EngineeringSystems and devices that use electronic and electric means are covered in this specialization. It also includes the design, development, and manufacturing of its equipment. Communication, power distribution, machine control, are an integral part of our lives. This makes electrical engineering one of the top engineering courses for the future.

It is the oldest branch of engineering and perhaps the most prevalent one. Since technology and devices are a major part of our daily lives, the demand for these engineers will continue to rise. The study of electric circuits and other new equipment is important for the use of devices and electrical engineers work rigorously with electrical equipment. Careers in this branch of engineering include Project Engineer, Design Engineer, Communications Engineer, Systems Engineer, and others.

Solar Engineering

Solar EngineeringThis is one of the most in-demand engineering courses today. It involves the design and development of systems, products and power plants that run on solar power. Understanding and analysis of solar radiation data and solar energy conversion technologies is an integral part of this course. And solar energy being the way forward, makes it a popular study program.

This field involves understanding and specializing in using nature’s bounty prudently and to enhance human life while conserving the environment. Therefore, using sunlight to generate energy, i.e., electricity, is the main thing here. Therefore, solar engineers plan, design and execute projects related to solar energy in every way. Careers in this specialization span across various industries such as rooftop installations for housing societies to huge municipal and commercial projects. Thus, as a solar engineer you can be a Solar Site Assessor, Solar Fleet Manager, Engineering Technician, and others.

Wind Energy Engineering

Wind Energy EngineeringGeneration of mechanical power or electricity is what Wind Energy Engineering is all about. Designing wind farms, wind turbine systems and components, environmental and social aspects of wind energy, and such areas are involved in this. It also covers the legal side of wind energy engineers. Right from planning to testing of hardware is included in this specialization.

This stream of engineering involves the process using wind energy to generate electricity. It includes designing wind farms and hence developing site specifications as well. Electricity generated through wind for farms can be used to do activities such as pumping water or grinding grain. Thus, wind energy engineering also includes planning, manufacturing, and testing of electrical and hardware components. You can choose to be a civil engineer, environmental engineer, Aerospace engineer, and several other options if you decide to take up Wind engineering.


NanotechnologyThis fast-emerging and growing stream deals with manipulating and engineering nanostructures. These nanostructures are useful for the creation of systems and designs. In fact, nanotechnology greatly affects our daily lives as it is integral to food safety, information technology, home security, transportation and even medicine, among others.

Undoubtedly a very fast-growing stream, nanotechnology covers all subjects, from Physics, to Biology, to Chemistry and Mathematics. This makes it exciting and stimulating as well. It is used in everything and has a great and ever-lasting impact on technology and science, and even economics. Besides, it can revolutionize healthcare and help in finding treatments for some diseases too. Therefore, you can take up a career in Food Science, Material Science, Energy capture and storage and others.

Environmental Engineering

Environmental EngineeringThis is another popular and immensely growing area of engineering. Here, scientific and engineering principles are applied to maintain and improve the environment. This, in turn, helps to protect the beneficial ecosystems in the environment and human health. Overall, it aims to improve the quality of human life concerning nature.

Since there’s so much noise about global warming and conserving the environment, it’s only natural that the demand for Environmental Engineers is on the rise. Recycling, waste disposal, water and air pollution control, public health, all fall under this engineering branch. Besides, managing waste, preserving energy, discovering solutions to complex issues concerning the environment is what it is all about. A career in this branch can mean being a Geotechnical Engineer, Land Surveyor, Hydrologist, Environmental Scientist, and many others.

Marine Engineering

Marine EngineeringHow does one operate a ship? How is it designed? If these questions fascinate you, then a career in marine engineering is just right for you. This branch of engineering is related to the design, maintenance, and modernization of marine vessels. It also covers the repair of these vessels that are used in the water and around it and builds new devices for ports.

It’s truly a fascinating career option, and Marine Engineers also work with naval architects and oceanographic specialists. You also study the various types of ocean equipment, and since commerce has expanded tremendously in recent years, the scope of Marine Engineers has increased as well. Thus, they study and comprehend machine principles in depth. Thus, it involves international trade, environmental research, resource extraction. You can work as Marine Technician, Watercraft Engineer, Marine Engineering Assistant, Mud Engineer, Marine Structural Engineer, among other options.

Information Security

Information SecurityAnother specialization in engineering is Information Security, which involves protecting sensitive information from any untoward activities. It also includes inspection, modification and recording of such activities and any destruction or disruption. It ensures the safety and privacy of important financial data, intellectual property, and customer data.

Since physical and electronic information are two kinds of data, Information Security spreads far and wide. It includes academic issues, mobile computing, cloud computing, cyber forensics, online social media, and encryption. This branch of engineering rests on three aims – Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability (CIA). There is a plethora of career options here such as Computer Forensics, Certified Ethical Hacker, Cryptographer, Security Engineering, and several others.

Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical EngineeringCan you apply the methods and principles of engineering to Biology?

Yes, you certainly can. This is very integral to augmenting medical care and human healthcare in all areas. Thus, this knowledge is used in designing and developing surgical robots, advanced prosthetics, artificial organs, and even new drugs in pharmaceuticals. This specialization is pretty new-age and quite popular too.

Biomedical Engineering includes everything from Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, to Computer Science. It has several subdisciplines such as medical imaging, biomedical signal processing, orthopedic implants, clinical engineering, stem cell engineering and others. Hence, a career in Biomedical Engineering includes Manufacturing Engineering, Quality Engineering, Biomechanics, Medical Laboratory Scientist, Researchers, among several others.

Now, we have listed some of the best engineering branches for the future that are gaining prominence and popularity. However, it all depends on your personal interest and skillset, which one you must opt for if you do choose engineering as a career option. TG Campus offers excellent courses that prepare you for the engineering entrance exam – the JEE. No matter what specialization you choose, you must clear this entrance test. TG Campus makes you ready for it and helps you excel in it as well through the courses on offer.

Also read: List of Top 10 IIT Colleges in India in 2023 – Select from the Best

Written by Today's Geniuses
Today’s Geniuses comprises of all the members of TG Campus. It includes IIT Alumni, PhD holders with fellowship and Subject Matter Experts, creating an enthusiastic bunch of Geniuses who are driven by their passion to empower learning.